[Review Paper] Polyvaccine - Joining The Links In The Cascade Of Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract: The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), an autoimmune disorder, has ascended considerably with around 98,200 and 15,900 incidents in children below 15 years of age, globally and in India, respectively. This is typically due to environmental changes leading to genetic modifications. Also, T1DM encompasses the presence of autoantigens and many other etiologies which can be targeted by proper immunization. In this paper, we consciously discuss and collate various candidate triggers of islet autoimmunity and other factors expected to promote the progression of T1DM. This paper bridges all the mechanisms caused by these factors and linking them with each other. We have also highlighted the novel coronavirus as a trigger for T1DM. Finally, we suggest that an amalgamated model of polyvaccine can batter the condition by inducing protection against various triggers of T1DM.

Journal: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research 


Keywords: Type 1 diabetes mellitus; Viruses; Coronavirus; Cow's milk; Hybrid insulin peptides; Vaccines


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